Medical expenses are the costs of diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease, and the costs for treatments affecting any part or function of the body. Medical expenses include the costs of equipment, supplies, and diagnostic devices needed for these purposes. The expenses must be primarily to alleviate or prevent a physical or mental defect or illness.
Qualified medical expenses are deductible as itemized deductions to the extent expenses exceed 7.5% of your adjusted gross income (AGI). The 7.5% AGI threshold applies for both regular tax and AMT purposes.
Medical expenses are deductible in the year actually paid, regardless of when the services were provided. Expenses paid by check are considered paid on the date mailed or delivered. Expenses paid by phone or online are considered paid on the date the financial institution statement shows as the payment date.
Expenses paid by credit card are considered paid on the date charged to the credit card, not the date the balance on the credit card is paid.
Payments for care to be provided substantially beyond the end of the year are not generally deductible as medical expenses, except for lifetime care advance payments and payments for long-term care insurance.
Deductible expenses include those incurred by the taxpayer, spouse, or dependent.
The taxpayer must have been married to the spouse either at the time the spouse received the medical services or at the time the taxpayer paid the medical expenses.
Medical expenses paid for a dependent are deductible if the person was a dependent either at the time the services were provided or at the time the expenses were paid. For medical expense purposes, a dependent is any person for whom you can claim as a dependent, plus anyone who cannot be claimed as a dependent because of one of the following.
Example: Alex is 27 and still lives at home with his parents. His parents could have claimed him as a dependent in 2023 had it not been for the fact that he earned $5,000 at a part-time job. However, the gross income test does not apply for Alex to qualify as a dependent for purposes of the medical expense deduction.
Generally, a dependent must be a U.S. citizen or national or a resident of the U.S., Canada, or Mexico. An adopted child that lived with the taxpayer all year passes this test if the taxpayer is a U.S. citizen or U.S. national.
Medical expenses paid before death by a decedent are included on the decedent’s final return. This includes expenses for the decedent’s spouse and dependents. A surviving spouse or personal representative of a decedent can choose to treat medical expenses paid by the estate for the medical care of the decedent as paid by the decedent at the time the medical services were provided if the expenses are paid within one year of the day after the date of death.
Medical expenses for a deceased spouse or deceased dependent are deducted on the taxpayer’s return in the year paid, whether they are paid before or after the decedent’s death. The expenses are deductible if the decedent was the taxpayer’s spouse or dependent either at the time the medical services were provided or at the time the expenses were paid.
Amounts paid for qualified long-term care expenses are deductible as medical expenses. Qualified long-term care services are necessary diagnostic, preventive, therapeutic, curing, treating, mitigating, rehabilitative services, and maintenance and personal care services that are required by an individual who is chronically ill, and are provided pursuant to a plan of care prescribed by a licensed health care practitioner.
The cost of prescribed medicines is deductible. Nonprescription medicines, such as nicotine gum and patches, are not deductible.
The cost of living in a nursing home, including meals and lodging, is deductible if a principal reason for being there is to get medical care. If the taxpayer is in a nursing home for personal reasons, only the part of the cost that is for medical or nursing care is deductible.
Medical expenses that are reimbursed by insurance, Medicare, Archer MSAs, health savings accounts (HSAs), HRAs, or other sources are not deductible. Reduce total medical expenses paid by total reimbursements received during the year. Reimbursements for medical expenses are generally not included in income, and the expense that is reimbursed is not deducted from income. However, any medical expenses that exceed the reimbursements are deductible, and any reimbursements that exceed medical expenses are taxable to the extent the reimbursement was provided to the taxpayer on a pre-tax basis.
DISCLAIMER: This article contains general information for U.S. taxpayers and should not be relied upon as the only source of authority. Seek out professional tax, legal, or financial advice from CryptoTaxAudit or from other reputable companies.