The itemized deduction for state and local taxes paid is limited to $10,000 ($5,000 MFS).
You can elect to deduct either state and local sales taxes or state and local income taxes, but not both.
Includes the following:
There are two methods to compute the deduction.
Under either method, taxes paid on items used in a trade or business are not deductible as itemized deductions. However, these taxes are deductible as a business expense.
Real estate taxes are deductible as itemized deductions only if you own the real estate and the taxes are based on the assessed value of the property. If a mortgage company pays the taxes from an escrow account, deduct the taxes actually paid on behalf of the taxpayer, not the amount the taxpayer paid into escrow.
Unlike mortgage interest, the real estate tax deduction is not limited to the first two homes.
Foreign real property taxes are not deductible.
Itemized charges for trash collection, water, sewer, etc. are not deductible as real estate taxes.
Charges for improvements that tend to increase the value of the property are added to the basis of the property and are not deductible. Example: An assessment to build a new sidewalk.
Charges to maintain existing public facilities already in service are deductible as real estate taxes. Example: An assessment to repair an existing sidewalk.
Deductible as real estate taxes if charged on a deductible assessment.
The real estate tax deduction must be adjusted for the time period you actually owned the property. The seller is treated as paying the property taxes up to, but not including, the date of sale. The buyer is treated as paying the taxes beginning with the date of sale. This rule applies even if the seller or buyer actually pay different amounts at the closing.
Example #1: Joseph paid $2,400 for his 2023 real estate taxes on May 15, 2023 ($200 per month). Joseph sold his home on June 1, 2023 to Jim, and the closing company gave Joseph a $1,400 credit for taxes paid for the period June 1, 2023 to December 31, 2023. Joseph can deduct $1,000 for taxes paid on his old house ($2,400 paid minus $1,400 credit shown on his closing statement).
Example #2: Assume the same facts as Example #1, except that Joseph did not receive a credit on his closing statement for the period after the sale. Joseph agreed to pay the entire year in order to encourage Jim to purchase his property. Joseph is allowed to deduct only $1,000 for taxes attributed to the time he owned the property. Jim is allowed to deduct the $1,400 attributed to the time he owned the property even though Joseph is the one who actually paid the taxes. Joseph reduces the amount realized on the sale of his home by the $1,400, and Jim reduces the cost basis of the home he purchased by $1,400.
If the buyer pays delinquent taxes that were imposed on the seller for an earlier year, the buyer must add the taxes paid to basis rather than deduct them.
If a refund is received in 2023 for real estate taxes paid in 2023, your itemized deduction is reduced by the amount of the refund. If the refund is for taxes paid in an earlier year, your itemized deduction is not reduced. Instead, the refund or rebate is included as Other Income on Schedule 1 (Form 1040), Additional Income and Adjustments to Income, to the extent a tax benefit was received for deducting the taxes in an earlier year.
Personal property taxes are deductible if based on value alone and are charged on a yearly basis.
Example: Jesse paid $99 for the registration of his car in 2023.$64 of the fee was based on the car’s value, and $35 was based on its weight. His deduction is limited to $64.
Taxpayers can choose to deduct foreign income taxes or take a tax credit on Form 1040.
DISCLAIMER: This article contains general information for U.S. taxpayers and should not be relied upon as the only source of authority. Seek out professional tax, legal, or financial advice from CryptoTaxAudit or from other reputable companies.